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    Opportunities for stakeholders to act on food waste reduction

    Stakeholder Solutions

    While ReFED’s food waste analysis takes a holistic look across the entire supply chain, there are specific opportunities for each stakeholder that will provide the greatest benefits based on their priorities. Use this page to identify the actions that offer the largest opportunities for each stakeholder to contribute to food waste reduction.

    State & Local Governments

    States and municipalities can pursue holistic approaches to waste reduction that incentivize prevention, recovery, and recycling to reduce the tax burden and address food insecurity.

    View State & Local Government Solutions >


    Every solution in the Roadmap is an opportunity for business and technology innovation for entrepreneurs.

    View Entrepreneur Solutions >

    (Includes Social Enterprises)


    Farmers can seek to reduce the ~10 million tons of cosmetically imperfect or unharvested food lost each year

    View Farmer Solutions >

    Federal Government

    The federal government can enact smart policies that will cost-effectively create jobs and alleviate hunger

    View Federal Government Solutions >


    Foundations can provide the ~$300 million needed annually to protect the environment, alleviate hunger, and develop local economies. Read more information in our Foundation Action Paper

    View Foundation Solutions >


    Investors can generate returns from an untapped $2 billion market opportunity.

    View Investor Solutions >


    Manufacturers can expand existing leadership in repurposing excess food through multi-stakeholder collaborations.

    View Manufacturer Solutions >

    Nonprofits & Academia

    Nonprofits and academia can support the expansion of a dynamic food recovery ecosystem to recover 1.8 billion meals annually, launch widespread Consumer Education Campaigns and fill critical research gaps.

    View Nonprofits & Academium Solutions >

    (Includes Food Recovery Organizations and Research and Advocacy Organizations)

    Restaurants & Foodservice Providers

    Restaurants and foodservice providers can save up to $1.6 billion in food purchasing costs.

    View Restaurants & Foodservice Provider Solutions >

    (Includes Institutions)

    Grocery Retailers

    Retailers have the opportunity to increase profits while empowering customers to reduce waste.

    View Grocery Retailer Solutions >

    (Includes Distributors)


    Consumers will reap the biggest economic benefit, saving $5.6 billion annually by cutting unnecessary spending on food that is never eaten.

    View Consumer Solutions >

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